Educational Innovation and Practice (EIP) is published annually, each volume consisting of approximately 150-200 pages. Each issue will contain 5-6 papers (research articles, reflective papers, policy briefs, and book reviews) of 3500-4000 words each in length. The journal serves as a vehicle in the establishment of new forms of scholarly community, which bring and support a level of diversity in its interactions that are representative of the community of scholars.

The editors and reviewers assume full responsibility for all decisions to publish, revise and reject manuscripts. The journal is peer reviewed. The reviewers’ first review all manuscripts and a decision is made to accept, revise or reject based on a collective agreement of the editors. After this decision has been made the authors are informed of the decisions. In case the paper gets rejected the author is encouraged to resubmit for the next volume. In case of revise the authors need to resubmit their paper on the deadlines provided.

Manuscript guidelines for Educational Innovation and Practice

The manuscript guidelines are designed to assist authors to ensure that their manuscript consistently follows these guidelines and also to acquaint editors and reviewers to the style structure of the Journal.

  1. All manuscript should be written in a Word with Times New Roman 12 point font.
  2. Authors should comply with the guidelines in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA, 7th Edition) as a primary reference.
  3. The Peer Review Process - To facilitate blind review, authors should not reveal their identity or any information identifying the author on any page of the manuscript except the title page and biographical note which will not be sent to the reviewers.
  4. Manuscripts submitted to the EIP should not be currently under review by another Journal or have been made available in print or internet.
  5. The manuscript should be sent to Research Officer at The Research Officer will acknowledge receipt of manuscript and send a copy of it to the reviewers for the review process. Authors will be contacted after the review process.
  6. The Editorial Board reserves the right to reject a manuscript without substantive reasons if it does not fulfill the manuscript guidelines.

The manuscript must include:

  1. The title page with the manuscript title, author’s name, abstract, keywords and author footer on a page separate from the body of the article.

1.1 Title structure

The manuscript title should be to the left (left justified), bold and only the first letter of the title should be uppercase (e.g., Challenges and transformations for teacher education)

 1.2 Author (s) name

The manuscript title should be followed by Author (s) name with ‘No’ titles and institute affiliated.

 1.3 Abstract

The abstract should be between 150-200 words. Please do not use references in the abstract of your article.

1.4 Keywords

The abstract should be followed by five keywords with dot between keywords.

1.5 Author footer

The information about the author (s) for the footer must include author’s name (using initial for the first and middle name and spelling out the second name), institutional affiliation and email address.

  1. Lhamo                                                                                                                                                                             Samtse College of Education, Royal University of Bhutan, Samtse, Bhutan                                           
  1. Author Biographies                                                                                                                                                     Include a brief biographical note about the author(s) in no more than 120 words on a separate page. 
  1. Organisation                                                                                                                                                                The general organisation of the paper should be as follows: the scope of the study should be stated first, and then the details of methods, tools, followed by findings, discussion and conclusion.
  1. Symbols                                                                                                                                                                        The symbols should be clearly identified and special care should be taken to distinguish between letter O and zero, the letter I and the Roman Number one, kappa and K, mu and u. Subscripts and superscripts should be used to avoid confusion especially while dealing with chemical equations (e.g., Carbon dioxide should be represented as CO2 and not as CO2).
  1. 5. Units                                                                                                                                                                               All scientific or technical data included in the text should be stated in the metric systems. The use of English or other regional systems of units should be avoided.
  1. Citations within the text                                                                                                                                          American Psychological Association (APA) uses the author-date method of citation. The last name of the author and the date of publication are inserted in the text in the appropriate place.

When summarizing or paraphrasing a source, provide the author (surname) and year. When quoting a particular passage, include the specific page paragraph number, as well.

When quoting in your paper, if a direct quote is less than 40 words, place the quotes within quotation marks (“…”). If a direct quote is more than 40 words, make the quotation a free standing block of text and DO NOT use quotation marks.

6.1 One work by one author                                                                                                                                              Mehra (1974) argued that Bhutanese are one people who are self-disciplined, loyal, and dedicated to the authority.


A study conducted in Bhutan found that Bhutanese are highly self-disciplined, loyal, and dedicated to the authority (Mehra, 1974).

6.2 One work by two authors                                                                                                                                            When a work has 2 authors cite both names every time you reference the work in the text.


Day and Leitch (2001) presented numerous narrative accounts of teachers’ negative experiences.


School reforms have also been shown to evoke teachers’ unpleasant emotions (Zembylas & Barker, 2007).

6.3 One Work by three or more authors

When a work has three or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” and the year. (However, in the reference list all the surnames and the initials of the all the authors should be included up to 20 authors). However, when there are 21 or more authors, include the names of the first 19 authors in your reference list, followed by “...” and then the name of the final author.

Choden et al. (2003) argue that ……..

In turn girls develop low self-esteem (Choden et al., 2001, p. 32)

6.5 Two or more works in the same parenthetical citation

Citations of two or more works in the same parentheses should be listed in the order they appear in the reference list (i.e., alphabetically, then chronologically).

Example:                                                                                                                                                                                    Several studies (Jones & Powell, 1993; Peterson, 1995, 1998; Smith, 1990) suggest that…

6.6 Two or more papers on the same idea by the same author (s) in the same year

When a same idea is expressed in two or more books by the same author, a distinguishing letter (a,b,c…) should be added to the year as shown below:


Nidup and Dorji (2005a; 2005b) are of the opinion that chickens in Bhutan are genetically diverse.

The mitochondrial DNA sequences suggest that Bhutanese chickens are genetically diverse (Nidup & Dorji, 2005a; Nidup & Dorji, 2005b).

7.Groups as Authors

Collective work of a group (e.g., government agencies, corporations, study groups, and associations) where the names of groups serve as authors are usually spelled out each time they appear in a text citation. The name may be shortened by using its abbreviation in the subsequent citations in case of long and cumbersome name. For instance:

First citation: According to Curriculum and Professional Support Section [CAPSS] (1999) continuous assessment helps teachers to understand the needs of children find their weaknesses and provide remedial help.

Subsequent citations: CAPSS (1999) also envisage continuous assessment to gradually replace the current system of one shot examination.

8.Works by no identified author

When the work has no author, cite the first few words from the title and then year of publications. Use double quotation marks around the title of an article, chapter, or Web page and italicize or underline the title of a periodical, book, brochure, or report.


The book College Bound Seniors (1997)……………………..

            On free care “Study Finds” (1982)……………………………

Treat reference to legal materials such as court cases, statutes, and legislation like works with no author.

9.Works discussed in a secondary source

Give the secondary source in the reference list; in the text, name the original work, and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Zam’s work is cited by Rinchen through Dolkar (2000) without reading the original work, list Dolkar (2000) in the reference. In the text use the following citation:

Zam quotes an old Bhutanese saying, “You cannot be what you are and what you are rusts while busy being what you are not” (as cited in Dolkar, 2000).

  1. Levels of Heading

Headings and subheadings indicate the organisation of a manuscript and set up the importance of each topic. They signal what each section is about and allow for easy navigation of the document.  The heading style recommended by APA consists of five possible levels (Table 1). Each section starts with the highest level of heading (Level 1), even if one section has fewer levels of subheading than another section. All topics of equal importance should have the same level of heading throughout a manuscript. Each heading level is formatted differently as detailed in Table 1.

Table 1

Format for Five Levels of Headings


APA Heading Format



                          Centred, Bold, Title case

Begin text on a new line


Left-aligned, Bold, Title case

Begin text on a new line


Left-aligned, Bold, Italic, Title case

Begin text on a new line


       Indented, Bold, Title case, Period. Begin text on the same line


      Indented, Bold, Italic, Title case, Period. Begin text on the same line

  1. Figures

 Any graphics or photographs which are not a table is considered as figures. All figures must be suitable for reproduction without being retouched or redrawn. Check that all lettering will be distinct after being reduced to fit available space on the journal page. All figures should be referred to as ‘Figure 1’ or ‘Figure 2’ with a short title. The Figure number should be written in bold font and title should be written in italic and placed on top of the Figure (see APA 7th edition). The authors are also required to submit figures separately saved as Windows-compatible graphic files (e.g., BIP, GIF, JPG).

  1. Tables

All tables should have table  number (e.g., Table 1, Table 2) written in bold font and placed above the table. Every table should have a short title that adequately represent the content of the table. The title should be written in italic and placed below the table number.

The font face and font size used for Tables and Figures should be consistent with that of the main texts.  

  1. Reference Page

 In general, references should contain the author name, publication date, title, and publication information.

13.1 Book

 Aris, M, (1994). The raven crown: The origins of Buddhist monarchy in Bhutan. Serinda.

Good, T. L., & Brophy, J. E. (2000). Looking in classroom (8th Ed.). Longman.

 13.2 Chapter of a Book

Bergquist, J. M. (1992). German Americans. In J. D. Buenker & L. A. Ratner (Eds.),

Multiculturalism in the United States: A comparative guide to acculturation and ethnicity (pp. 53-76). Greenwood.

13.3 Articles in periodicals (journals, newspapers, newsletter, and magazines)

 Jamtsho, S., & Rinchen, S. (2008). Accessibility, acceptance and effects of information communication           technologies in the schools and colleges of Bhutan. Rig-Gter – Academic Journal of Samtse College of Education, 3, 52-69.

Sharma, M. (2005). Information and communication technology for poverty reduction.  Indian Journal of Open Learning, 14 (1), 81-89.

Wangchuk, S. (2002, November 2). Youth issues must involve young people. Kuensel – Bhutan’s National Newspaper, p.4.

Thinley, D. (2002, November). The common stylistic features of Bhutanese proverbs. Kalapinka

–  The NIE Newsletter, 4, 5-8.

 13.4 Electronic (online) References

 13.4.1 Journal articles - Online

Most online journal article comes with DOI (digital object identifier). Include DOI in the reference list instead of URL. If there is no DOI available for an online journal article, then you need to include the URL instead as indicated below.

Online Journal articles with DOI

Bellocchi, A., Ritchie, S. M., Tobin, K., Sandhu, M., & Sandhu, S. (2013). Exploring emotional climate in pre-service science teacher education. Cultural Studies of Science Education, 8, 529-552. doi: 10.1007/s11422-013-9526-3

Online Journal article with no DOI

Ahmann, E., Tuttle, L. J., Saviet, M., & Wright, S. D. (2018). A descriptive review

of ADHD coaching research: Implications for college students. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 31(1), 17-39. professional-resources/publications/jped/archived-jped/jped-volume-31

13.4.2 News article - Online

Darby, A. (2004, August 10). Furious Butler quits as governor. Sydney Morning Herald. oneclick=’true’

 13.5 Government document

Royal Government of Bhutan. (1999). Bhutan 2020: A vision for peace, prosperity and happiness. Thimphu, Bhutan: Planning Commission Secretariat.

13.6 Personal communication (interviews, e-mail, and other forms of personal communications)

  No personal communication is included in the reference list. In the main text cite the communicator’s name, the phrase “personal communication” and the month, date, and year of communication.

(P. Jigdrel, personal communication, December 31, 2014).

13.7 Unpublished thesis

Rinchen, S. (2014). The study of the emotional climate of a pre-service teachers’ science class at the Royal University of Bhutan. Unpublished PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology,  Brisbane, Australia.

Editorial Correspondence

Any inquiries related to EIP, including manuscripts for submission, should be addressed to: Research Officer at