Educational Innovation and Practice Journal highly uphold ethical conduct, honesty, and transparency of scholarly publications.

Giving proper credit to the rightful authors by listing the authors’ names on an article is an important mechanism to give credit to those who have significantly contributed to the work. It also ensures transparency for those who are responsible for the integrity of the content.

Defining authorship

It is the collective responsibility of all the individuals who have conducted the work to determine who should be listed as authors, and the order in which authors should be listed.

The journal editor will not decide on the order of authorship and cannot arbitrate authorship disputes. Where unresolved disputes between the authors arise, the institution(s) where the work was performed will be asked to investigate.

Authorship Guidelines

EIP journal recommends the following authorship guidelines to give proper attribution to the authors. Authors listed in an article must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Made a significant contribution to the work reported, whether that’s in the conception, study design, execution, acquisition of data, analysis, and interpretation, or in all these areas.
  2. Have drafted or written, substantially revised, or critically reviewed the article.
  3. Have agreed on the journal to which the article will be submitted.
  4. Reviewed and agreed on all versions of the article before submission, during revision, the final version accepted for publication, and any significant changes introduced at the proofing stage.
  5. Agree to take responsibility and be accountable for the contents of the article and to share the responsibility to resolve any questions raised about the accuracy or integrity of the published work.

Contributorship Guidelines

In the case of those who might have contributed significantly to the manuscript but do not meet all the criteria mentioned above may be acknowledged appropriately for their contribution in the acknowledge section of the manuscript.

Ghost, Guest and Gift Authorship

Educational Innovation and Practice journal highly condemns the use of ghost, guest, and gift authorship in the manuscript submitted for publication. It is grave academic misconduct and perjured professionalism and integrity oneself against committing such misconduct which will prove a deterrent in the course of scholarly publications.

The following definitions can be referred to for clarity on different authorship problems;

  • A Ghost author is a person who has made a substantial contribution to the research or writing of a manuscript but is not named as an author.
  • Gift authorship is defined as co-authorship awarded to a person who has not contributed significantly to the study.
  • Guest authorship refers to senior authors who are included because of their respect or influence in the hope that this will increase the likelihood of publication and/or impact of the paper once published.